Meet the world’s smallest dog. Chihuahua is the most popular within the small dog breeds.
|Nick Name||Chihuahua dog|
|Family||Companion, Southern (Pariah)|
|Size||Small Dog Breed|
|Life Span||12 – 18 years|
|Height||6 – 9 inches|
|Weight||Under 6 Pounds (Under 3 kg)|
|Coat||Smooth: soft and glossy. Long: flat or wavy|
|Color||White, black, tan and many other colors|
The Chihuahua is graceful, swift-moving, small and compact with a saucy expression; it is slightly longer than it is tall. Chihuahuas are not only cute small toy dog, but also have a large dogs hunting and guarding instincts with terrier-like qualities and temperament. It moves at a swift pace. Its coat can be smooth, with soft, glossy hair or long, with soft straight or wavy hair and fringed ears. Smooth coated Chihuahuas need very little grooming due to their short hair. Long coats need occasional brushing but still require minimal grooming.
The Chihuahua is a favorite toy dog because of its intense devotion to a single person. They are good with families if the children are gentle and patient. It is reserved with strangers but good with other household dogs and pets. Some try to be protective. Some may be quite bold; others may be timid. Some bark. The breed can be any color – solid, marked or splashed and the coat may be long or short. Because of their small size, they require little exercise and are good city dogs, but can be sensitive to cold temperatures.
|Playfulness||Not very playful|
|Trainability||Easy to Train|
Graceful, alert and swift-moving with a saucy expression, Chihuahuas are highly intelligent and should not be underestimated even though small in size. These sassy little dogs are well known as “purse dogs”.
Breed’s Health & Care
The Chihuahua is a lively dog that nonetheless can get its exercise running from room to room indoors. It enjoys exploring the yard or going for short walks on a leash and especially enjoys accompanying its owner on outings. The Chihuahua is not an outdoor dog; it hates the cold and seeks out warmth. Coat care for the smooth is minimal. Care of the long coat entails brushing two to three times a week.
- Major concerns: none
- Minor concerns: pulmonic stenosis, hydrocephalus, patellar luxation, KCS, hypoglycemia
- Occasionally seen: none
- Suggested tests: cardiac, knee
The smallest breed of dog, the Chihuahua’s history is shrouded in mystery, but some believe he originated from the Fennec Fox, a very small animal with big eyes and ears, which could explain the tiny frame, luminous eyes and large ears on the breed today. One theory holds that it originated in China and was brought to the New World by Spanish traders, where it was then crossed with small native dogs. The other theory contends that it originated entirely in Central and South America, descending from the native Techichi, a small mute dog that was sometimes sacrificed in Toltec religious rituals. Chihuahua’s were used in religious ceremonies and were pets to the upper class. In 1850, three tiny dogs were found in Chihuahua, Mexico. Thus the breed derived its name from where the earliest specimens of the breed were found. The breed captured the public’s hearts only when Xavier Cugat (“the rhumba king”) appeared in public with a Chihuahua as his constant companion. It experienced a meteoric rise in popularity and has continued as one of America’s most popular breeds.